Monday, November 15, 2010

Checking for Plot Holes

This week, AC is pleased to share with you a guest post by Joseph Bates. Joseph’s fiction and nonfiction have appeared in The South Carolina Review, Identity Theory, Lunch Hour Stories, The Cincinnati Review, Shenandoah, and Novel & Short Story Writer’s Market. He holds a Ph.D. in comparative literature and fiction writing from the University of Cincinnati and teaches in the creative writing program at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio. For more information please visit Nighttime Novelist and follow the author on Facebook and Twitter.

Checking for Plot Holes

To make sure your plot is as solid as it can be—before some legendary film director discovers a plot hole while trying to adapt your work—consider the following questions and see that you have them answered in your novel.


  • Have all subplots and supporting character arcs been concluded? You might want to go back through the novel and mark those moments with subplot and supporting cast that seem to demand revisiting later . . . and make sure you did revisit and conclude them in some satisfying way.

  • Do you find any of your characters indulging in excessive monologue toward the finale? Late-novel monologues often indicate that certain information should have been introduced earlier but wasn’t—and now your character is trying to catch the reader up on that omitted information in one big breath. These one-breath wonders suggest a hole in the plot that the character is now trying to plug, poorly. Be aware of any such information dumps you come across, and consider how you might plug the hole yourself earlier in the text.

  • Do the events in your novel follow the rules of the story as you’ve set them out? We already discussed rule breaking in terms of the “twist” ending, but the same applies to every turn your story takes. If your protagonist is launched on his adventure when he saves a young woman from drowning, but then at Plot Point 1 he lets the antagonist get away because he’s not a very strong swimmer, that’s obviously a problem, and everything that comes after that point will be looked on with suspicion by the reader (if he’s still reading at all).

  • Do the events in your novel follow, and account for, the rules of logic? If it’s revealed at the end of your novel that your time-traveling hero has fallen in love with his own grandmother and is now his own grandfather, your reader will likely either scratch his head or kick your novel across the room, depending on what kind of day he’s having. It’s absolutely true that, as an author, you control the powers of time and space in your book, but even so you’re still bound by the general rules of logic; what you do has to make sense. Thus anything that doesn’t seem possible, or at least believable, is a problem you’ll need to fix.

Sometimes we get so caught up in the momentum of our story, in the fun of telling it, that we forget to properly account for, explain, or excise inconsistencies along the way; even Raymond Chandler can let a dead chauffeur slip past him. But the smallest plot hole might still be big enough for your reader to fall straight through, so be mindful that your plot be as solid as it can be. And if there’s anything in the story you can’t reconcile, you may want to consider what the offending element is doing there in the first place.

The above is an excerpt from the book The Nighttime Novelist: Finish Your Novel in Your Spare Time by Joseph Bates. The above excerpt is a digitally scanned reproduction of text from print. Although this excerpt has been proofread, occasional errors may appear due to the scanning process. Please refer to the finished book for accuracy.
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6 comments:

  1. Thanks so much for sharing with us today, Joseph!

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  2. A terrific post of things to watch for. Thanks Katie and Joseph!

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  3. Great ideas of things to look for. I'll have to go check out the book.

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  4. That monologue one is a really good point! Thanks!

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  5. The second point rang a bell for me - I just wrote a post yesterday about how I discovered information coming into late chapters that should have been presented way back. Another good reason to move it!

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  6. Nice tips! I'll definitely keep them in mind! :D

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